Thursday, October 22, 2015

Nuts and Bolts: 9 Painting Tips for Beginners

There are many books and essays written on general painting and drawing techniques but sometimes the little practical things can make the artist’s task easier. Here are some day-to-day “nuts and bolts” painting tips for beginners.

Watercolor tips with Johannes Vloothuis |

In this painting I forgot to make a provision of blank paper to indicate the running water where the rocks are in the center.

1. If you wish to correct a watercolor mistake, the easiest way is to use a spray bottle. The stream of water works like a pressure washer. To do this in a localized area, you can spray out a specific silhouette. First cover the general area with masking tape and use a utility knife to cut out the silhouette. This works specifically well for rocks or buildings. By avoiding staining colors such as Hooker’s Green or Alizarin Crimson, the aftermath of spraying out will leave almost no residue of the previous paint.

Watercolor painting tips with Johannes Vloothuis |

I used the jet spray of a water bottle with an adjustable nozzle for more precise concentration of water to clean out the paint to regain the white paper.

2. If you intend to paint a risky subject, such as a portrait, there is a product called Lifting Preparation, which is to be applied before you paint. You apply this directly on the watercolor paper. This leaves a protective film between the paper and pigment. Then you can spray off the paint easily and start over. It works like Scotchgard to protect fabric on furniture.

3. There is also a new product called Watercolor Ground that allows you to add a new layer of “watercolor paper.” Several layers will have to be applied before resulting in 100% opacity. You can also use this to prime another surface that isn’t watercolor paper, such as wooden boards, plastic or metallic surfaces.

4. There’s only one way to keep your paper from buckling. Mount it pre-soaked on a Guerrilla Watercolor board. The metal clasps pull the paper every inch and fasten 100% of the four sides, leaving no margin for buckling.

5. There is relatively new product called Pan Pastels. You can paint over an overworked area, and even shift the color. The neat thing about this is that the addition isn’t even noticeable because the dust particles are very small.

6. To have better control of wet-into-wet painting, before you apply the paint, squeeze the paintbrush bristles with your thumb and index finger at the ferrule with a damp cloth so it sucks out the excess water.

7. Experiment doing a complete painting wet-into-wet. In order to keep your paper damp enough for a long period of time, wet your paper, then place a thin towel under it that is also wet. Then go through the same procedure as if you were stretching the paper. Some of the water will evaporate but the towel underneath will not allow for total dryness. This technique works great for impressionist flowers.

8. Many artists complain about being heavy-handed, meaning they cannot easily make very thin lines. Try using paper business cards: rip them in different sizes, dip the straight sides of the cardboard into your paint and stamp the lines in. This is very handy for cracks in wooden walls or rocks, thin branches on winter trees, and barbed wire.

Watercolor painting techniques with Johannes Vloothuis |

You can see subtle indications of sun rays behind and next to the last building at the right.

9. To indicate sun rays in a cloudy sky for you can use an ink eraser with a ruler and erase them paint, revealing “sun rays.” This will not remove that much paint, just enough to see the subtle sun rays.

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